Useful resources

The Linking Europe programme, run by IDH - The Sustainable Trade Initiative aims to increase the market uptake of sustainably certified tropical timber in Europe. The programme has produced an overview of helpful resources (such as guidance, policies, helpdesks, training programmes) available in different EU countries.

Please click here to view the resources identified.

In the coming weeks, a database of these resources will be available on this website.


A selection of interesting publications related to responsible timber procurement is also included below.

Exercising due diligence in establishing the
legal origin of timber and timber products

Despite global work to promote responsible forestmanagement and trade, the trade in wood and paper from illegal or controversial sources continues - hence the introduction of the EUTR. Developed by consensus and through a steering group of industry experts, this publication aims to:

• help organizations identify if they are affected by the new regulation and their obligations
• help organizations develop and implement a due diligence system to minimize the risk of illegal timber in supply chains
• describe good practices for responsible trade in timber and timber products that go beyond the minimum requirements of the Regulation

To download the guide click here.

Verifying Social Responsibility in SupplyChains: A practical and legal guide for public procurers

Verifying Social Responsibility in Supply Chains analyses different instruments of verification that can be used at the various stages of a procurement process, including:
pre-procurement, selection or exclusion criteria, technical specifications, award criteria, contract performance clauses and contract management.
The guide demonstrates how verification schemes can be applied in a legally compliant manner by; citing case law, providing examples of verification schemes developed and implemeted across Europe, and by discussing the monitoring and measuring of compliance.

To view the guide click here. (pdf, 1.2 MB)

The Pros and Cons of Procurement: Developments and Progress in Timber-Procurement Policies as Tools for Promoting the Sustainable Management of Tropical Forests

This study reviews developments and progress regarding timber procurement policies. It assesses the positive and negative impacts of these policies, analyses the main similarities and differences among timber procurement policies and indicates the extent to which suppliers in tropical countries are able to meet the requirements and costs of these policies. It also evaluates the neccessity and practicality of promoting convergence and coordination among timber procurement policies as a means of facilitating the international trade in tropical timber.

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 2 MB)


Legal briefing: The Proportionality Principle and Sustainable Timber Procurement Policies

This briefing explains how the proportionality principle has been applied by the European Court of Justice in the context of public procurement cases. It also discusses how European Courts would be likely to apply the proportionality principle to policies for the procurement of legal and sustainable timber under European Union law.

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 0.2 MB)


Legal briefing: The place of Social Criteria in Public Procurement Policies for Legal and Sustainable Timber

This briefing outlines key principles of the law governing public procurement in the European Union. It explains why it is appropriate to include criteria relating to social aspects of sustainable forest management as technical specifications and award criteria in Member State timber procurement policies.

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 0.2 MB)


Sustainable Procurement of Wood and Paper-based Products

This extensive guide and resource kit is produced in cooperation by the World Resources Institute and WBCSD – World Business Council for Sustainable Development. Its purpose is to help procurement officials to implement sustainability criteria in their timber procurement. The document gives an overview over a variety of tools, initiatives, and labels.

For additional information, click here.


FLEGT licensed timber and EU member stateprocurement policies

Based on the development of the first FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs), it is now clear that the agreements deliver much more than legality and sustainability at the forest management unit level. This briefing note explains how the VPAs complement forest certification and can help public procurement policies deliver a wider set of policies aimed at promoting and supporting long term sustainability of forests.

To view the report, click here. (pdf available in Spanish, English and Portuguese, 1.4 MB)


The Public Procurement of Wood and Wood-based Products: Report to the Standing Forestry Committee

By the Standing Forestry Committee Ad Hoc Working Group IV on Public Procurement of Wood and Wood-based Products. In November 2010, the Ad Hoc Working Group on timber procurement policy issued a report in which it stressed that criteria under all three pillars (social, environmental and economic) of sustainable production are appropriate during the main phases (technical specifications and/or the award stage) of the tendering procedure for wood and wood products.

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 0.7 MB)


An Assessment of the Impacts of the UK Government’s Timber Procurement Policy

The aim of this research was to assess the impacts of the UK Government’s timber procurement policy to date. The analysis focused on three key parts: the impact on trade and on sustainable forest management; the role of the UK Government as a leader in developing and harmonising timber procurement policies; and the role of CPET (Central Point of Expertise in Timber).

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 2.4 MB)


Buying a Sustainable Future? Timber Procurement Policies in Europe and Japan

The report produced by FERN analyses the different timber procurement policies of six EU Member States and Japan. The report shows that while there are some differences between the different policies, there are also many similarities.

To view the report, click here.




“Wild Money” The Human Rights Consequences of Illegal Logging and Corruption in Indonesia’s Forestry Sector

The report produced by Human Rights Watch details costs and human rights impacts related to illegal logging in Indonesia, one of the world’s largest areas of remaining forest but also one of the world’shighest deforestation rates. Using industry-standard methodology, the authors estimate that the Indonesian government lost $2 billionin 2006 due to illegal logging, corruption and mismanagement. The domestic consequences of lost government revenue and forestry sector mismanagementare also documented from an often-overlooked point of view: the widespread spillover effects of corruption on governance and human rights. Furthermore, the opportunity costs of the lost revenue are also documented.

To view the report, click here. (pdf, 1.4 MB)

WWF BarometerWWF Government Barometer 2012 on illegal logging and trade

WWF carried out its first ‘Government Barometer on Illegal logging and Trade’ in early 2004. It was a gauge of how committed EU member state governments were to implementing the FLEGT Action Plan agreed in 2003.

The 2012 barometer is the fifth edition, and assesses progress on three measures set out in the action plan on the FLEGT Regulation (which facilitates the import of licensed timber from producer countries which have negotiated a voluntary partnership agreement (VPA) with the EU); development cooperation focused at addressing illegal logging in producer countries (through the VPA negotiations); and green public procurement.

It also assesses progress on a fourth, separate measure, the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR) which came about as a result of the FLEGT Action Plan. This will make it an offence to place illegal timber or listed wood products on the EU market. The other two measures covered by the barometer are ongoing.

To view the Barometer, click here.

Sustainable Timber: A Guide to Procurement for the Public Sector

Officials and those engaged in sustainability in local governments and public institutions around the world know that sustainability is key in forward-looking procurement policies and activities the world over . It is an integral part of the role of the public sector to contribute to the aspirations of their constituency and to meet their needs within the limits of our planet.

PEFC has accordingly created "Sustainable Timber: A Guide to Procurement for the Public Sector" to help these officials make the responsible choice in fostering the transition to more sustainable patterns of production and consumption. Key to this transition are the actions of local governments and public institutions, which are major consumers of a wide variety of products and services.

To view the report, click here.

Sustainable timber: the opportunity provided by the revision of the EU Public Procurement Directive

A new ClientEarth report argues that Sustainable timber is a good case study to demonstrate that the EU Proposal for the revision of the procurement directive does not go far enough. In fact, it is broadly recognised that sustainable forest management must take into account social aspects of forest management, including, for example, respecting the rights and interests of forest-dependent communities in relation to fair and equitable use of forest resources, participatory decision-making and other aspects. Requiring that timber products come from sustainably-managed forests will therefore require that such social criteria be spelt out.

ClientEarth says that “social and environmental aspects of the production process are linked to the subject matter.  According to ClientEarth the revision of the Public Procurement Directive, by allowing only certain social criteria to be included in awarding phase, thus without recognising social criteria as characteristic of a product, is missing an opportunity to clarify that contracting authorities can legally include social criteria. 

To view the report, click here.

Alea FSC Copade Rakvere Miskolc Anci Madera Justa Madrid ICLEI Europe - Local governments for Sustainability

European Union This website has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.
The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Sustainable Timber Action Project Consortium and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.